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Basic Sewing Machine Parts To Know (All 5)

Basic sewing machine parts to know (All 5)

There are five basic common components in every home sewing machine that you should know how to use. These five allow for user input while typical other parts, such as the motor and casing, do not. The five basic parts to learn about are the bobin(incl bobin housing), the presser foot(and foot dogs), the needle, the throat plat(sometimes called the needle plate) and the electronic controls(electrical switches on older models).


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Cause of fabric movement in a sewing machine

The needle plate, a metal plate located under the needle, moves fabric forward during sewing. The needle plate works best with an optional presser foot engaged above the fabric while sewing because the needle plate and presser foot then work in tandem at the same speed.

The meaning of E1 on a Brother sewing machine

Psst, you likely forgot to lower the presser foot! According to documentation provided by the manufacturer, E1 is the error code you get when you press the foot controller while the reverse/reinforcement button is also pressed AND the presser foot is still raised. Solution: Lower the presser foot and the error should be cleared.

Bobbin case location on a sewing machine

Front loading bobbin cases are always located on the side of the sewing machine facing the user. Side loading bobbin cases are more rare on newer machines and are located below the needle plate. Note: front loading bobbin cases can be used on side loading machines but side loading bobbin cases, whether removable or inset, cannot be used with front loading sewing machines.

Difference between a computerized and a regular sewing machine

A computerized sewing machine is programmable for repetitive tasks and a regular sewing machine is not. Computerized machines typically have more options and settings to fine tune results. Mechanical machines, on the other hand, require manual user input to perform the same tasks. Many digital machines don’t even require a foot pedal to control speed.

Flatbed sewing machine description (what it is)

A “Flatbed” sewing machine, often simply called a traditional machine, is the most common type of sewing machine with a traditional flat base, typically used to sew flat pieces of fabric together. The needle arm extends over a flat base that contains the bobbin and feed dogs. Very common (and popular).

Sewing machine “walking foot” description and use

A ‘walking foot’ is a small brace on your sewing machine that sits on your fabric and guides it past the needle while sewing. The walking foot rests on the top layer of your fabric and ensures that fabric moves ahead at relatively the same speed as the feed dogs below the fabric.

The sewing machine belt shifter – what it does

A sewing machine’s belt shifter is located on the lower part of the sewing machine and its function is to help remove the drive belt. Not all models have a drive belt, or a belt shifter, but for sewing machine models with a belt drive the shifter is needed for belt adjustment and removal.

A presser foot holds the fabric while sewing

The presser foot is what holds your fabric while using you sew with your home sewing machine. It’s important that you remember to lower the presser foot each time you start to sew of you’ll find that the fabric doesn’t move through your machine as easily as it should. When I first started sewing I forgot it ALL THE TIME!

Sewing machines have improved over time

Sewing machines revolutionized the sewing industry when they first became commercially viable, and they continue to change. The two biggest changes to were the introduction of electric sewing machines and, more recently, the addition of electronic models capabale of performing automated sewing tasks. Perhaps computers will be able to help sew entire pieces of clothing at home in the near future.

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